The President had first made the announcement of the Visa on Arrival policy last December at the Aswan Forum, in Egypt, and the policy was welcomed with cynism and criticism due to the misunderstanding of the document.
On its economic importance, President Buhari said; “The Nigeria Visa Policy 2020 is intended to attract innovation, specialized skills and knowledge from abroad to complement locally available ones.
“It will support the attainment of a globally competitive economy for Nigeria by building on the efforts of the Presidential Enabling Business Environment Council(PEBEC) and the policy is expected to improve the business environment, attract Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) and boost tourism without compromising national security.
The Visa Policy 2020 according to the document, is a global visa system, linked via biometrics to the online applications for each applicant, meaning that since the system is global it can be tapped into huge security networks including the International Police (INTERPOL) thereby reducing chances of criminals and other Persons of Interest (POI) beating the system.
Biometrics is to be conducted at port of entry.
Also the new Visa on Arrival is to be issued only at international airports on arrival, not at land borders; meaning the Mallam Aminu Kano International Airport (MAKIA), Murtala Muhammed International Airport (MMIA), Nnamdi Azikiwe International Airport (NAIA), Port Harcourt International Airport (PHIA) and when done, the Akanu Ibiam International Airport (AIIA), Enugu.
Other things to be known about the new visa is that there are three categories of visas: short visit, temporary, and permanent residence and from the previous six classes, there are now 79 classes of visa.
There is Visa for Diaspora Nigerians by birth, with dual citizenship.
Visas on Arrival is only for short visits, and the system is so automated and does not leave room for cash transaction, so the chances of corruption are reduced.